Kazakhstan is a vast nation with several valued customs, a distinctive Asian civilization, and a variety of stunning capital cities.
Kazakhstan is now among the top 30 nations in the world after two decades of arduous labor and international collaboration.
Any geographer would find Kazakhstan’s region to be very alluring due to its unending wild steppes, which are made particularly charming by their fresh- and saltwater lakes, distinctive pine forest, potent Tien Shan Mountainous areas, second-largest and also most significant canyons over the globe, as well as the Aral Sea, which has all but vanished from of the world’s surface.
Numerous important historical occurrences took place in the ancient Kazakh region, including the valiant Saka tribes’ victory in their fight for freedom against Darius I and Cyrus II of the neighboring Persian Empire’s Achaemenid bloodline and the strongest troops of Alexander the Great, who weren’t able to subjugate the brave nomadic folks. In 530 BC, Cyrus the Great was killed here by Tomyris, the ruler of the Massagetae, a nomadic clan that lived near the Aral Sea.
In terms of all the other landlocked nations, Kazakhstan so that occurs to be the nation’s biggest nation. Out of a total of 196 nations, Kazakhstan is indeed the 9th largest when all nations are considered. Kazakhstan is situated on two distinct continents and has such high ranks. Whereas the country’s middle and eastern regions are located in Central Asia, its western areas are in Europe.
The easternmost point of Kazakhstan is located at 87°30′ E in terms of longitudinal coordinates. The eastern edge point of Kazakhstan is situated near the shared border between Russia and China and is a part of the Eastern Kazakhstan Region. Kazakhstan gets its westernmost point at a position of 50°00′ E. The West Kazakhstan Region, in which the border with Kazakhstan as well as Russia is situated, is where Kazakhstan’s western point is found.
Kazakhstan has shared boundaries with five neighboring nations. Kazakhstan’s northern neighbor is Russia, and its eastern border is shared by China. Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Turkmenistan are the three nations southern side of Kazakhstan. Just inside a part of its southern border to Uzbekistan, the Aral Sea is also situated.
The climatic condition of Kazakhstan is a mixture of several others. A cold desert environment prevails in the southern region, which gradually changes to warm steppe weather. The numerous sorts of continental climates that can be found in Kazakhstan’s north are to be found there. The meager quantity of precipitation that is measured annually is typical for virtually the entire country of Kazakhstan. The average annual rainfall for the majority of places is only 100 – 200 millimeters (3.9 to 7.8 inches). This is even less than 100 millimeters annually in the core part. Much more rain falls in the eastern mountain regions.
Kazakhstan experiences cool to occasionally quite cold winters. In Kazakhstan’s southern region, January temperatures range from -2 to -10 ° C. The average temperature quickly decreases further and further northern region you travel. In the winter, Kazakhstan’s northern and eastern regions are quite cold.
In Kazakhstan, summer officially begins in late May or early June. Summers are hot with July being the warmest month (August in mountainous regions). The typical summertime temperature is about 30 ° C. Nevertheless, depending on the locale, seasonal temperatures change.
The native cuisine of Kazakhstan is a treasure trove of delectable meat and dairy delicacies. One of the biggest consumers of milk and meat in the world, Kazakhstanis consume 73 kg of meat annually on average.
The main ingredient in the cuisine of the nation is meat, which is used to prepare a broad variety of dishes and sausages, the most famous among which is kazy. Kazy is comprised of horse ribs fat and meat. The spicy flavor of this sausage evokes the heat of a blazing sun as well as the acrid aroma of steppe herbs, giving you the impression of an old nomad warrior.
Additionally, fermented milk-based foods are significant in Kazakhstani cuisine. During lengthy treks through the steppe, sour milk generally keeps its characteristics and doesn’t decay, sustaining and energizing the body and relieving thirst.
Kazakhstan is hardly a low-cost nation. Food costs more in restaurants and shops than they do in other Central Asian nations. In the city, a filling café lunch might set you back $25 and a hearty dinner $30. Lunch would be far less expensive outside of major cities.
Kazakhstan represents a secular nation where liberal ideologies are prevalent. In public areas, almost any attire is permissible. In Astana or any other big city, it is virtually difficult to see someone wearing a traditional costume.
Only the season should be considered when choosing your wardrobe. Wearing light clothing made of natural materials is recommended in the summer, whereas wearing warm clothing and footwear that will keep you comfortable at – 20 degrees Celsius is required in the winter. The climate can be fairly variable in the spring or the fall.
When entering a place of worship, you should wear clothing that covers your legs and shoulders.
The Turkic language spoken by Kazakhs belongs to the Northwestern or Kipchak (Qipchaq) group. Along with Kazakh, the national language, Russian is used extensively in many contexts. The language that is most commonly understood in the nation is Russian.
Having a population of around 778 083, Astana (which means “capital” in Kazakh) is the nation’s capital. The national tongue is Kazakh. In the entire nation, Russian is a widely spoken language.
The Kazakhs identify as Muslims in theory. The Kazakhs’ practice of Islam was largely informal and liberal for the majority of their protracted nomadic existence. That scenario improved when they established communities or sent their kids to towns like Bukhara or Sterlitamak for school.
Young Kazakhs enrolled at Muslim madrasahs and maktabs there, where theology served as both the primary topic and ideology. Thus, when the Soviet socialists assumed power in the late 1920s, the younger group of intellectuals transformed into urban-style Muslims.
After that, till the U.S.S.R. collapsed, the government actively repressed or hindered religious activity in Kazakhstan. The independence of religion has typically been preserved for Kazakhs after independence. Eastern Orthodox people make up approximately one-fourth of the population.